MA - CULTURAL CENTER / TABACALERA MADRID
Ihre Projektwahl findet am Montag den 17.04.2023 digital statt. Sie können von 12.00 Uhr bis 16.00 Uhr unter folgendem Moodle link ihre 3 Projektwünsche abgeben: https://moodle.udk-berlin.de/moodle/course/view.php?id=1709
Ausschließlich für Erasmus ohne UdK Mail Adresse, bzw. Moodle Zugang per Email an e.parkmann @udk-berlin.de
Project start: Tue 18.04.23
Presentation Ma_01 : Wed 17.05.23
Presentation Ma_02 : Wed 24.05.23
Final Presentation Ma_03 : Wed 12.07.23
The transformation and rehabilitation of existing buildings is a fundamental issue in the current architectural debate. One of the aspects that contribute most to the reduction of carbon emissions and, therefore, to sustainable architecture lies precisely in the conservation and adaptation of buildings to contemporary needs without the need to destroy existing structures. This attitude implies a theoretical reflection on the city and history when it comes to protected buildings of heritage value. Faced with intervention on existing structures, some arguments take on new meaning as a design approach:
-Architectural typologies transcend their time and become triggers for new uses.
-Buildings integrated in their urban context and with their own spatial condition, acquire a role of greater importance than the original function for which they were conceived, which can be adapted to new circumstances.
In other words, function does not necessarily follow form: rather, it is the formal and spatial structure of architecture that has the potential to readapt to other functions indefinitely over time.
The objective proposed for this semester focuses on two parallel aspects, one conceptual and the other methodological. First, we refer to the project of transformation / modification / extension of a large historic building, in which students will have to put forward proposals that involve taking a position in relation to the way of intervening on it: for example, substitution, contrast, juxtaposition, analogy, densification, etc.
In the methodological aspect, the project will use the model as an essential tool, so that the proposals during the work process will be tested in parallel to the drawings by modifying and transforming models on a sufficiently large scale.
In other words, the model will not only be a design tool, but also the main communicator of the architectural idea.
Site. Building description:
The subject chosen for the semester's work is the Tabacalera Building in Madrid. The former Tobacco Factory, now owned by the Spanish Ministry of Culture, is currently in partial use by artists' collectives and activist groups: It is located in the heart of the city of Madrid, very close to other important cultural centers such as the Prado Museum, the Reina Sofia Museum, the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum and the Casa Encendida.
The original building was built in 1792, first as the “Royal Fabric of Liquors and Cards” and transformed into a Tobacco Factory (Tabacalera) in 1809. In 1903 a new upper level was added that modified the proportions of the original building. The factory is characteristic of 18th century Spanish civil architecture, with a rectangular floor plan that follows two axes of symmetry, around three courtyards: a central one, open and landscaped, and two smaller side ones, covered and arcaded, with ambulatory. The structure, made of brick load-bearing walls with large arches, forms three bays parallel to the longitudinal axis and two bays parallel to the transverse axis. The Tabacalera building has a built area of 26.000 m2 in the main volume and 2,345 m2 in the annex buildings. Due to its structure, size and representativeness, it is a building with great potential to house cultural facilities.
In recent years there have been several attempts to transform the Tabacalera building into an art center, with various architectural competitions, the use of temporary exhibition halls and its partial management by artists' collectives. There is currently an open debate about its possible rehabilitation and uses. The intention is that the work of the students and the models can be presented in the Tabacalera building itself in Madrid after the summer as a valuable contribution to the ideas for its future development.
Phase I_Model making
A large model of the existing building common to the whole group at 1:20 scale will be built in segments by teams of two students. The details of the construction and the composition of materials should be decided collectively. The model will serve as a common working basis for all teams designing on different areas or parts of the building.
Phase II_Research Transformed buildings
Each team will carry out an investigation on existing buildings that have been transformed, rehabilitated or extended, and especially on construction details and solutions.
Phase III_Architectural project
In this last phase, each team will design a project to transform the Tabacalera building into a cultural center. The specific functions to be carried out will be part of the class dialogue. Each team will work on a segment / area of the building and a chosen program. An important aspect of the collective approach will be based on a negotiation between the teams to meet the spatial conditions and architectural limits of each intervention in the building.
As an example, some possible uses or functions to incorporate could be the following:
Exhibitions, artistic production center, performances, spaces for artists in residence; outdoor activities, school or training centers, archives, theatre, music school, film library, didactic spaces, restaurant, cafeteria, sports, concert spaces, etc.
The Chair will try to find ways to support the process of building the model with material or money.
The different phases of the semester will be developed in teams of two students.
We will do one or two excursions in and around Berlin to have a close look at existing buildings that have been transformed, rehabilitated or extended (e.g. Kindl Brauerei, E-Werk Luckenwalde, Funkhaus, St. Agnes).
Precise schedule will follow in the next days.
-Cultural Center SESC Pompeia , Lina Bo Bardi (former Drum Factory)
-Tate Modern, London, Herzog de Meuron, (former Bankside Power Station)
-Palais de Tokyo, Paris, Lacaton Vassal, (former hall of the Universal Exposition of 1937)
-Estudio Bofill, Barcelona, (former Cement factory)
-Fondazione Prada, Milano, OMA (former Gin Destillery)
-Moritzburg Museum, Halle (Saale), Nieto Sobejano (former castle and bishop's palace)
-Chinati Foundation Marfa, Texas, Donald Judd, (former World War II prison)
-State of São Paulo Pinacoteque, Mendes da Rocha (former School of Arts and Crafts)
-St.Agnes W.Düttmann, König Galerie Brandlhuber, Riegler Riewe, Berlin, (former church)
-Kindl Berlin, Benedict + Riva (former Breuerei)
-Hamar Museum, Sverre Fehn (former farm building)
-Castelvecchio, Verona, Carlo Scarpa (former castle)
Lehrstuhl Grundlagen des Entwerfens
Prof: Enrique Sobejano
Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin: Lisa Tiedje
Lehrbeauftragte: Lydia Korndörfer
Tutorinnen: Helene Peters, Tobias Rivera
Studio: Wednesday 15:00-19:00
Rules of the chair:
- Studio Wednesday attendance is mandatory
- Working in the studio is expected
- Interim and final presentation project, with guest critics
- Interim corrections with Professor and assistants are important; also discussions of
other projects should be followed by the other students
- The documents requested must exist and are not filed during the
- Regular checking of emails for announcements and events is expected